双语阅读:为什么人们很难保守机要?

  导读:每个人大概都会有本身的小机要,而我们也常常会将机要报告本身相信的人。两人之间分享机要常常会令彼此更加和蔼,不过不当心把机要说漏嘴的情况,也时有发生……

  Keeping secrets is a challenge to most people, according to a new study. CFP

  “Don’t tell anyone”. We hear these words when someone tells a secret to us. But it can be hard to keep a secret. We’re often tempted to“spill the beans”, even if we regret it later.

  “别报告别人噢”。当别人报告我们一个机要以前,我们总会听到这句话。但保守机要并不是易事。就算过后会懊悔,我们还是常常会忍不住说漏嘴。

  According to Asim Shah, professor in the Menninger Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at Baylor College of Medicine, US, keeping a secret may well “become a burden”. This is because people often have an “obsessive and anxious urge to share it with someone”.

  美国贝勒医学院梅宁格精力病学与举动科学系传授阿西姆·沙哈觉得,保守机要很或许“成为一大承当”。因为人们经常有“急于与别人分享的过度冲动”。

  An earlier study, led by Anita E. Kelly, a scientist at the University of Notre Dame, US, suggested that keeping a secret could cause stress. People entrusted with secrets can suffer from depression, anxiety, and body aches, reported the Daily Mail.

  此前,美国圣母大学科学家安妮塔·E·凯莉主导的一项探究觉得,保守机要会带来压力。据《每日邮报》报导,被请求守密的人会感触烦闷、焦急以及躯体疼痛。

  But with secrets so often getting out, why do people share them at all? Shah explained that people often feel that it will help them keep a person as a friend. Another reason people share secrets is guilt over keeping it from someone close to them. A sense of distrust can develop when people who are close do not share it with each other. “Keeping or sharing secrets often puts people in a position of either gaining or losing the trust of someone,” according to Shah.

  既然机要这么方便被说出去,那么人们为什么还会分享机要呢?沙哈表明称,人们常常会感到分享机要可以帮忙他们维持友情。人们分享机要的另一起因是对接近之人守密所产生的抱歉感。亲朋好友之间存在机要会产生一种不相信感。“保守或者分享机要常常将人们置于得到或者掉别人相信的处境,”沙哈表示。

  He added that talkative people could let secrets slip out. But this doesn’t mean that it is a good idea only to share secrets with quiet people. A quiet person may be someone who keeps everything inside. To tell such a person a secret may cause them stress, and make them talk about the secret.

  他补充道,健谈的人会泄漏机要。但这不料味着只和安静的人分享机要便是个好办法。一个安静内向的人大概会将统统都藏在内心。和这样的人分享机要大概会让他们感触压力,从而令他们说出机要。

  Shah said that to judge whether to tell someone a secret, you’d better put yourself in their position. Think about how you would feel to be told that you mustn’t give the information away. Shah also recommended that if you accidentally give up someone’s secret you should come clean about it. Let the person know that their secret isn’t so secret anymore.

  沙哈表示,判别能否该当与一个人分享机要,须要换位考虑。想想你被奉告要保守机要会是什么样的感到。沙哈还建议,假如你不当心将别人的机要说漏嘴了,你该当率直承认。让那个人晓得,本身的机要已经不再那么秘密了。

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